Geology[ edit ] The hill owes its shape to an outlying cap of hard Grenoside sandstone that has protected the softer stone dewsbuyr from erosion.
The slopes below Castle Hill are formed from alternating deposits of shale and harder sandstones and form a series of slopes and benches. Workings are visible in several places and there is also evidence of old quarries that have been infilled. Early history[ edit ] The first people to visit Castle Hill were probably hunters and gatherers of the Mesolithic age, camping amongst the forests which at that time covered the land.
In the Neolithic and Bronze Agethere appears to have been widespread travel or trade along the river valleys connecting the Yorkshire Woldsthe Peak District and the Mersey and Ribble estuaries. This is shown by various characteristic types of stone and bronze tools in a place far from their points of origin.
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Excavations on part of the hillfort in demonstrated that Castle Hill had at some stage suffered from a severe episode of burning. Vitrified forts such as Castle Hill are rarely found in England, and are more usual in Scotland.
After the Norman Conquest ofAlmondbury became part of the Honour of Pontefractwhich was held by the de Laci family. They established a small castle on the hill. It is mentioned in a charter of King Stephen to Henry de Laci of about to Archaeological excavation has provided a wooden stake, radiocarbon-dated to the late s, and a coin of about It can be assumed that the castle was complete and occupied by the s.
In the early 14th century there was an attempt to found a settlement in the lower bailey, and possibly elsewhere on the hill. Aerial photography revealed a central roadway flanked by regularly laid-out plots. It was probably abandoned by the s, although memory of it may have lingered, since the map of Almondbury drawn up in marks the hill as the site of a town.
After the end of the Middle Ages, Castle Hill remained uninhabited until the early 19th century. Its prominent sigles made it an ideal site for a warning beacon, as part of a network of such beacons on other prominent hills all over the country, spreading out in lines from the coast.
Modern history[ edit ] Castle Hill's flat top was a venue for large political, religious and other eingles. Chartist rallies were held at least four times, in and A tavern to cater for pleasure-seekers was built on the hill in about — A bowling green was formerly situated to the south of it.
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Other pursuits recorded there included bare-knuckled prize fightsdogfights and cockfights. After breaching planning conditions,  the pub was demolished. Subsequent plans to websiite it have been rejected. Today the hill retains the remnants of all its past uses, and is a popular site for local people and tourists.
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Overhead electricity cables were relocated below ground in to enable kite users to make use of the hilltop winds. A permanent memorial of this event was planned in the form of a tower perched on the hill overlooking the town of Huddersfield. Despite some sijgles raising the money required, the tower was opened by the Earl of Scarborough on 24 June Although often referred wwebsite as the Jubilee Tower, the correct name is the Victoria Tower.
During the Second World War it was suggested that the tower should be demolished to prevent it from being used as a aid by German bombers. A few bombs were dropped near the tower in andbut were probably just randomly jettisoned. Retrieved 25 October